what is cat scratch fever?!
Song by Ted Nugent.
A song by Ted Nugent
Well one answer would be a song. But, actually if a cat has dirty claws and scraths you, and it swells up, you may have a infection, thus cat scatch fever.
its a song by ted nugent.
oh you mean the disease;0
* Cat-scratch disease is a bacterial disease that results from a scratch or bite by a cat. Persons with cat-scratch disease can have a range of illnesses from mild to severe.
* Cat-scratch disease usually causes swollen lymph glands near the site of the scratch or bite.
* Most people get better on their own in about 3 weeks.
* To prevent cat-scratch disease, avoid provoking cats and kittens. Thorough cleaning of cat scratches and bites might also help.
What is cat-scratch disease?
Cat-scratch disease is an infectious disease that results from a scratch or bite by a cat. Persons with cat-scratch disease can have a range of illnesses from mild to severe.
ask the NUGE
"Cat scratch fever or Cat-scratch disease is a usually benign infectious disease, most commonly found in children 1-2 weeks following a cat scratch. It was first described in 1889 by Henri Parinaud and has been called Parinaud oculoglandular disease and la maladie des griffes du chat. The cat was recognized as the vector of the disease in 1931 by Dr. Robert Debré."
"The disease begins with a small pustule at the site of the scratch, and painful swelling of the local lymph nodes follows. In more severe cases there may be fever, malaise and anorexia. The disease usually resolves spontaneously, with or without treatment, in one month. In immunocompromised patients more severe complications sometimes occur."
"The causative organism was first thought to be Afipia felis, but this was disproven by immunological studies demonstrating that cat scratch fever patients developed antibodies to two other organisms, Bartonella henselae and Bartonella clarridgeiae which are rod-shaped Gram negative bacteria."
"Kittens are more likely to carry the bacteria in their blood, and are therefore more likely to transmit the disease than are adult cats."
"Cat Scratch Fever is also the title of a 1977 album by Ted Nugent."
Wikipedia. Free Online Dictionary, Encyclopedia. Thesaurus and much more
I would like to know what exactly is "cat-scratch fever". I would also like to know how serious it is. Why do children get it? Do all cats have the potential to give it to them? Is it the same as germs in a paper cut?
Yadkinville, North Carolina
The uncovering of the cause of cat-scratch fever (now called cat-scratch disease) has been one of the great mystery stories of modern medicine. The hallmarks of cat-scratch disease are enlarged, tender lymph nodes (especially in the armpit) found under toughened, warm, red skin. For centuries children have often had these symptoms with no known cause. For centuries children have played with cats and been scratched, but no connection was made.
In 1946, a Dr. Hanger in New York, the owner of a "ferocious tiger," got what appeared to be an infected hangnail and then a swollen, tender lymph node full of pus under his collarbone. His friend, Dr. Rose, drained the pus from the lymph node -- but to their surprise, the pus was found to be sterile (containing no germs). They re-injected Dr. Hanger with some of this material, under the skin of his arm, and he had a strong skin reaction (sort of like a TB skin test, but this was a tiger-claw skin test).
Then, across the Atlantic in 1950 Paris, a 6-year-old French boy was observed to have a swollen, tender lymph node near the site of a scratch from a house cat. His physician, Dr. Debre, obtained some of the Hanger/Rose material (which he actually got from the University of Cincinnati where microbiologists were now trying to figure out this stuff). He injected some of the material under the Parisian boy's skin, and the boy developed a positive skin-test reaction!
This was the first documented case of what they called "La maladie des griffes de chat." Over the next several years the international collaboration continued, and cat-scratch fever was defined as a specific disease. A positive skin test in someone with swollen lymph nodes, who had been exposed to a cat, was considered to make the diagnosis.
When I entered medical school, cat-scratch disease was still a mystery. We knew that it happened after cat scratches, and it seemed that it must be caused by some type of bacteria, but no bacteria had ever been found in those swollen lymph nodes. Then, while I was in my second year of medical school, very tiny proteobacteria were seen in early cat-scratch lymph nodes that had been stained with silver. An organism had been found!
But what was it? Many possible identities were proposed and then disproved. When I was a pediatric intern, someone was finally able to grow the bacteria. The definitive pediatric infectious disease textbook (Feigin and Cherry -- a wonderful book) announced in the 1992 edition, "The bacterium that causes cat-scratch disease has been conclusively identified over the past decade.Afipia felis."
I received my copy of the next edition of Feigin and Cherry in today's mail. It says, "further study has now discredited Afipia felis" as the cause of cat-scratch disease! Even as the previous edition was going to press, new DNA diagnostic techniques applied to cat-scratch disease in AIDS patients were providing a wealth of new information. Another bacterium -- Bartonella -- is now known to be the cause. "That Bartonella is the cause of cat-scratch disease now has been established beyond doubt."
Most cat-scratch disease begins with a scratch from the claw or tooth of a kitten younger than six months of age. It can also be caught from an adult cat. In California, about 40% of the cats carry Bartonella. The disease seems to rarely occur following a dog scratch or even from porcupine quills or cactus spines. This is different, though, from an infected paper cut. Most cases of cat-scratch disease occur in children between the ages of 2 and 14, and in veterinarians (those most likely to be scratched by a cat). For reasons yet to be determined, most cases occur in the fall or winter months.
Sometime between 3 and 30 days following the scratch (usually 7 to 12 days), the child breaks out with one or more pimples at the site of the scratch. These last for 1 to 4 weeks, until nearby lymph nodes begin to swell and become tender. Sometimes these will drain pus. Only about a third of kids will feel sick, with a fever, fatigue, decreased appetite, or headache. This is not a serious disease.
Most of the time, the swollen lymph nodes last from 4 to 6 weeks, and then the child recovers fully. Occasionally, the swollen nodes can last for a year. Only rarely have complications been reported, mostly in immunocompromised individuals. Treatment is usually unnecessary, since people recover well on their own, but several antibiotics (such as Zithromax and Biaxin) have been shown to shorten the course of the illness.
Diagnosis is now made by a blood test (or by biopsy, if other more serious conditions are suspected). The skin test is no longer performed, since it is less accurate and has now been shown to pass other known (and perhaps unknown?) diseases.
The unfolding story of cat-scratch disease is a tale of mystery followed by mistaken certainty, followed again by mystery and then certainty. This twisting tale helps us to put medical knowledge in perspective. Our understanding of disease is truly amazing and is growing rapidly, BUT there is much that we do not know, and much that we now consider certain will one day prove to be in error. Acting based on the best of our knowledge will usually produce good results, but let's also act in humility before all that we don't understand!
By the way, a new cat-scratch mystery has popped up. We know that Bartonella bacteria are present in the blood of cats and in the lymph nodes of infected humans. We also know that if infected kittens are housed with non-infected kittens, the Bartonella is not passed -- unless fleas are present. Fleas pass Bartonella from one cat to another. We don't believe that fleas pass Bartonella to humans, though, since the pimples occur in healing scratches, not in flea bites. (And almost all the people with the disease have been scratched by a cat, while only a few seem to have had flea bites at all).
Surprisingly, though, multiple recent attempts to find even traces of the bacteria on the nail clippings of infected kittens have proven completely unsuccessful.
when a womens pubic hair starts growing back and leaves little scratch marks on your face.